Mosquitoes are small flies within the family Culicidae. The name “mosquito” is Spanish and Portuguese for “little fly”. Mosquitoes have a slender segmented body, one pair of wings, one pair of halteres, antennae, and siphon tubes at the tip of their abdomens.

 Mosquitoes are one of the largest families in the Diptera order. This family includes approximately 3,500 species which live in almost every part of the world with the exception of Antarctica.

Common Name:Mosquitoes
Scientific Name:Culicidae
Weight:0.000088 ounces

Size:0.125 to 0.75 inches

Group Name:Swarm
Average Life Span:2 weeks to 6 months

The size of Mosquitos 

Adult mosquitoes are relatively small insects that generally are about 0.15– 0.4 inches long, although some species can be less than 0.1 inches long. However, most mosquito adults commonly encountered are close to the same size.Mosquito-borne diseases are those spread by the bite of an infected mosquito irrespective of size. All sizes  of Mosquitoes include mosquito born diseases.

Mosquitoes' life cycle

Mosquitoes’ life cycle is an exciting and complex process. Mosquitoes go through four stages of life: egg, larva, pupa, and adult.

The adult mosquito begins its life by laying eggs on or near a water source. After about two days, the eggs hatch into larvae, which live in water and eat small animals like algae and other microorganisms. The larvae grow for about four days before they emerge from the water as pupae. The pupae then spend another four days developing into adults.

Once they become adults, mosquitoes feed on blood sources like humans or animals to complete their lifecycles. They can also lay more eggs after feeding on blood because they produce more eggs than other insects do to ensure that at least some survive to adulthood.

 There are Five Distinct Types of
Mosquito Egg Oviposition:

How Mosquito Bites and Why

Mosquitoes use their proboscis to puncture the skin of their prey and suck out blood. In order to do this, they have to fly around until they find a good spot to land on and then stab it with their needle-like mouth-parts. This process is called probing, and it helps mosquitoes identify a blood vessel deep under your skin so they can get the nutrients they need from your blood.

Mosquito bites because mosquitoes are flying insects that feed on the blood. Besides, they need blood for their reproduction. For laying eggs, they need nourishment. After mating, they seek blood so the mosquitoes can fulfill their target.

10 Contrast Male Mosquito vs. Female Mosquitoes

Female mosquitoes

  1. Usually, live for a few days
  2. Have smoother, needle-like proboscises
  3. Does not have the hair on their antennae
  4. Suck blood, nectar, and fruit juice
  5. Tend to hatch later
  6. Carry diseases
  7. Buzz at a higher pitch
  8. More proximal to humans
  9. Roles are to mate, fertilize & lay eggs
  10. Mates only once

 Male Mosquitoes

  1. Usually, live for one to two weeks   
  2. Have bushy proboscises  
  3. Have feather-like hair on their antennae         
  4. Suck fruit and nectar juice
  5. Tend to hatch early  
  6. Does not carry diseases  
  7. Buzz at a lower pitch  
  8. Tend to stay away from humans  
  9. The primary role is to carry sperm
  10. Can mate many times

 10 Most Popular Mosquitoes and Scientific Name




  Asian Tiger

   Aedes albopictus 

Potential vector for dengue , WNV, encephalitis viruses

Yellow Fever

  Aedes aegypti  

Chikungunya ,dengue fever ,Yellow fever,

Aedes Backyard Mosquito 


Canine heartworm vector

 Australian Backyard   Mosquito

  Aedes   notoscripf

 Canine heartworm vector


Anopheles   franciscanus 

 Not known to carry disease 

 Western Malaria Mosquito 

Anopheles herms!   

Malaria vector 

Tule Mosquito 

Culex   erythrothorax  

 Vector for WNV 

  Banded Foul Mosquito 

Culex  stigma tosoma 

 Secondary SLE vector 

Culex tarsalis  

 Western encephalitis Mosquito

Principal SLE, WEE, and
WNV vector

 Cool Weather Mosquitoes  


 Culiseta incidens 

 Not known to carry disease in California

How Mosquito Repellent Designed



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